Prostate cancer is the leading cause of cancer death in American men after lung cancer, and it’s the most common cancer in men after skin cancer. While these statistics might sound intimidating, there is good news: prostate cancer is treatable and survival rates are high. If you want to learn more about prostate cancer diagnosis and treatment, call Dr. William T. Klope of William T. Klope, MD Inc. in Ventura, California, or make an appointment online.
The prostate is a small gland located just below the bladder. It produces seminal fluid, which nourishes and transports semen. Prostate cancer occurs when abnormal cells form in the prostate gland and grow uncontrollably.
While experts don’t know what causes these abnormal cells to form, there are risk factors that make it more likely that you’ll develop prostate cancer, such as:
Early prostate cancer has few or no symptoms, but the earlier you catch it, the better your chances of beating it. Symptoms to look out for include:
If you’re experiencing symptoms or suspect you may have prostate cancer, contact Dr. Klope for a thorough prostate exam. Dr. Klope starts with a physical exam and medical history.
The next step in diagnosing prostate cancer is a digital rectal exam to look for abnormal bumps or hardened lumps on your prostate. Then, blood is taken to test your levels of prostate-specific antigen (PSA). PSA in small amounts is normal; high levels of PSA in your prostate warrant further tests.
If your initial exam reveals any abnormalities or cause for concern, the next step is a transrectal ultrasound (TRUS). This in-office procedure uses sound waves to create a picture of your prostate gland where Dr. Klope can look for signs of tumors.
If the TRUS shows signs of cancer, the final diagnostic test is a prostate biopsy. Dr. Klope collects cells from your prostate for a lab to determine if cancer cells are present. In the event of an advanced stage prostate cancer diagnosis, Dr. Klope will provide a referral to an oncologist who can provide you with the care you need.
If you’re experiencing prostate cancer symptoms or have a family history of the disease, call to schedule a consultation or book one online today.